This is a hunt game and game between the extravagant Tigers and the deceitful Goats.
The general rule of this interesting strategy game is the number of tigers varies from 1 to 4, and the number of goats from 11 to 12 to 23 or 24. The general aim is to hem in the tigers so that they cannot move, but the arrangement of pieces, the method of play and the rules of capture vary from game to game.
The game is one player has a tiger and the other many goats. The tiger is usually placed on the apex of the triangle and the second player enters his goats, once at a time in alternative moves with the moves of the tiger. All the pieces move in the same way, one step along a marked line, but the goats cannot be moved until all are entered. The tiger, which alone can capture, takes goats by the short leap. The tiger wins if he takes so many goats that they cannot confine him, the leopards if they succeed in reducing the tiger to immobility.
Bagh in Nepali means "tiger", and chal means "move", hence you could translate it as the "Tiger Moving Game" or "Move the Tigers". It is Nepal's national game. This game is called
Adu-Puli atam in tamil, Puli-Judam in telugu and
Huli gatta in Kannada. This is played as a gambling game even to this day in telugu speaking region.
The game is asymmetric in that one player controls three tigers
and the other player controls up to fifteen goats. The tigers 'hunt' the goats while the goats attempt to block the tigers' movements. The game is particularly popular during the winter season-is often seen scratched into the dry earth, since the game is played outside in the sun to keep warm!
How to Play the Game?
Game piece consists of 3 tigers, or
large stones, and 15 goats, or smaller stones.
Note: A stalemate cannot be created by having one goat (that is safe from the tigers) move back and forth between intersections. The goats must actively try to encircle the tigers, rather than simply trying to keep from getting captured themselves.
Two people play the game, one using the tiger pieces and the other, the goat pieces. The goal is for the tigers to capture the goats by jumping over them, while the goats seek to encircle and trap the tigers.
Place the three tigers in each of the board’s four corners.
Place one goat at any intersection of lines, anywhere on the board. (At the next “goat” turn, another goat will be placed on the board, at any intersection of lines.)
Next, move one tiger one step, moving along any straight line, from one intersection point to another.
Goats: Once a goat is placed on the board, it cannot be moved
from its position until all 15 goats have been placed on the board. Once this happens, any goat may move one step by following the straight line from one intersection to another. Goats may move in any direction, to wherever there is an open intersection. Goats never jump over tigers or other goats.
Goats defend themselves from tigers by being moved into such a position that a tiger cannot jump over them. This means the goats must not leave an open space behind them into which a tiger can jump.
Tigers: As the first goat, and each succeeding goat, is placed on the board, one tiger can move one step, following a straight line from one intersection point to another.
Whenever the opportunity exists, a tiger may jump over one goat by following the line on the board to the intersection point on the other side of the goat. A tiger can only jump over a goat and land in an intersection that is empty. Tigers cannot jump over tigers.
When a tiger jumps over a goat, it captures the goat; the goat is then removed from the board.
Winning: When a tiger has captured five goats, the tiger
wins, since it is impossible for the other ten goats to survive once they have lost five of their number!
But if the goats can encircle the tigers so that no tiger can make any move to an empty point, then the goats win.